Monday, 15 January 2018

Simple Phrases 1


 
This article practises basic phrasing. There are no changes of form, special outlines or omitted syllables or words. Phrases should reflect normal speech, never crossing any slight pause, and kept quite short. It is not a competition to see how many words can be joined together in one long snake. It is not necessary* to memorise every possible variation, because once you are familiar with several examples, they will flow naturally in other combinations.

* "it is not necessary" Best to break the phrase, as here, or if already written then go back and insert a vowel, as this is similar to "it is unnecessary" which has the same meaning. The same applies to other "not"/"-un" phrases.


I have a parcel for you to collect, if you are in the area tomorrow.

Have you seen the new building and have you met Mr Smith?

If you come to the office, I can sign the letter for you.

If you are interested you can do this job, for you are well able to do it.

They will take a photo* of you and give it to you tomorrow.

I can tell you that we shall be at the meeting on Monday.

We shall be in the office all morning and we think we can get the work finished.

We think you will be interested in the news and we are sure you will agree it is a good result.

I shall be thinking of you and I think you are going to make a success of the project.

They think you are doing quite well and that you are going to go* far in your career.

* "photo" Insert a vowel, as it is similar to "video" which would also make sense in most contexts

* "to go" Insert the vowel, to differentiate from "to give"



We are glad that Mr Brown was able to come to the house.

We are glad that you found the report of some interest.

We are not going to repeat the facts in the second report.

We are sure you will be very pleased with the progress of the building.

We are not sure whether he will be attending the directors’ meeting.

We are pleased with the work done by the new people in the office.

We regret we are having some difficulty with the new machine.

We regret that he will be absent from the school for a week.


It is not really possible for us to be at the club on Friday.

It is not fair on them that they have to have all these difficulties.

It has not rained for a very long time which has not helped the garden plants.

It has not been a good time for us and it has not resulted in any orders.

That is not the way that I would have done the job, I would have done it quite differently.

I have seen the new office equipment but unfortunately that is not what we ordered.

He was not answering us and that has not been helpful to our project.

He has not been in the admin office for several days and he has not told us why.

He is not answering his phone and he is not calling anyone back.



We have had difficulties with the work which has not been pleasant or useful.

We have a new car which is not running well and which is not performing as we hoped.

We have had some news which is not what we wanted to hear.

We have done some work on the building but we have not done the garden yet.

I have done some research* and found that they have not done what they promised.

They have done their best with the report but they have not done it very quickly.

* "research" Can also be pronounced with the emphasis on the first syllable in which case it would have a third place vowel



We have lived here for several years but Mr Black has been here for many years.

Mrs Green worked for this firm for very many years.

We have not seen that person here for some years now.

Thank you for sending the report on the work undertaken last year.

I have last year’s building report before me as well as last year’s accounts.

I have been here for two years and Miss Gray has been here for three years.

The trainee spent two months at college and three months on work experience.



We must inform you that you are not required to work Saturdays.

You must report to the admin office and you must bring your papers with you.

They must get a lot of work from that company as they are doing quite well now.

I think she must like the work as she has stayed for several years.

Please tell Mr White that he must get to the meeting an hour before it begins.

He must arrive in good time and he must have* all of his notes with him.

* "must have" This could also be written as an omission phrase "mus(t) have"



We must arrive early for the conference and we must remember to bring our papers.

The notice said you must never park your car here.

They must remember to take all their luggage with them when they go to the airport.

I think she must want to come to our house for some reason.

We think he must have been* referring to the notice on the office door.

We must inform you that we cannot send our driver until this evening.

We are informed that they cannot be held responsible for this afternoon’s events.

* "must have been" This can also be written as an omission phrase "mus(t have) been"



You should start the letter with either Dear Sir or Dear Madam.

If you do not know which to use, then address it as Dear Sir or Madam.

Dear Miss Brown, We have now received your letter of confirmation.

Dear Mrs Smith, Thank you for your quick reply to my email.

There was a group of people in reception but there was not much time to see them.

There are many new people in the office but there are not enough new desks for them.

There are several files on this case and there are very many reports that support it.


We have bought the lunch food and it is enough for our group but it is not enough for everyone here.

The equipment will be good enough for your purposes*, but I do not think it will last long enough.

There was a spelling error in the report but there was not enough time to reprint it all.

There are many jobs that need to be done but it seems there are not enough hours in the day.

There are several people who can help with this and I shall have to make enquiries.

Do they have to have the job done by Friday or shall I tell the staff to take longer?

I am going to tell you when to start and it is up to you to write as quickly as you can.

I began* to look for a new house, as I wished* to live in the country. (1092 words)

* "for your purposes" You can also write "purposes" as an intersection P-Ps

* "began" Insert the second vowel, to show the correct tense

* "wished to" In normal speech the last T sound of "wished" might be inaudible, as another T follows, and so when transcribing you would have to look back to the tense of the preceding verb "began" to decide whether it was "wish" or "wished"